Thursday, May 08, 2014

NONNUS ‘Dionysian’



Nonnus (5th century BC) was a Greek epic poet. Born in Panopolin, Egypt, his name is Egyptian and means pure, holy. He is the composer of the biggest epic poem of ancient times titled ‘Dionisiaka’ (Dionisyan) and it consists of 21,000 verses which are contained in 48 books (rhapsodies) that remind one of the equally numbered rhapsodies of the Iliad and Odyssey combined.

The contents of this voluminous work refers to the adventures of Dionysus (hence the title) from his birth, till his apotheosis.


Before we continue with our major topic, let’s see what had happened in pre-historic Greece, (Hellas) and in particular the vast area that the Pelasgians occupied, who were referred to by historians as an ‘indigenous’ race.

According to messages from the Olympians that are reported in retired Greek General Kalogerakis’s books, the Pelasgians were an Andromedian-Hellenic race that were divided into 4 individual tribes: the Dravidians from Andromeda, the Arians from Sirius, the Minyes from the Pleiades and the Garamanes from Orion and Canopus.

Apart from Thessaly and the shores of Asia Minor, the offspring of the Syrian Aryans occupied most of mainland Epirus, while Thessaly was occupied by the Andromedian Minyes from the Pleiades, and the shores of Northern Africa in the heart of Lake Tritonis of Libya was occupied by the Andromedian Garamanes of the Constellation of Orion and Canopus, descendants of Garamana, son of the primordial divinity Gaia.

DravidianThe Dravidians settled in Aigida (Aegean Sea) and Egypt after the deluge of 9560 BC when Atlantis and Aigis sunk. Very few Dravidians were saved by islands that were newly created in the Aegean, and a large number inhabited Crete that was generated after the sinking of Atlantis. Then the Cretan Dravidians or Termiles after many years, probably due to an oncoming epidemic, migrated to Egypt and Asia Minor. Minyes occupied Crete in the years that followed.

The thrilling, fork shaped course of the Dravidians lasted about 2000 years. One side began in Asia Minor and the other in Egypt. The current Dravidian civilization is the ancient civilization of Egypt, which makes its presence known by the great monument of Giza known as the Sphinx. The people and culture of that ancient era is undoubtedly Dravinian.

The Dravidians from Egypt reached their destination much faster than Dravidians from Asia Minor. They found their target – known today as Eritrea, Ethiopia - and the Island of Ceylon as well as the Southern regions of modern day India. The first and most populous part which commenced from Asia Minor, was greatly tested but finally crossed through Persia and Afghanistan, and entered the borders of India – today’s Pakistan.

This happened around 8000-6000 BC. In Pakistan, the first of our Dravidian ancestors, founded cities like those discovered in 1922. The cities are ‘The Mohenzo Dara’ and ‘El Harappa’. From current evidence that we hold in our hands, regarding our ancestors the Dravidians, we can easily conclude that the Indian culture mentioned previously, appeared at least around 6000BC and probably transferred there by pre-Hellenic Dravidians.

Recent research from the 16th parallel and under, confirms that India indeed is inhabited exclusively by Dravidians, judging by the language or linguistic idioms of the Dravidians or Dravidian tribes, the tune in their speech, their behavior from foreign interactions, as well as their overall features, and the strange and mystical atmosphere that overwhelms and influences the foreign visitor intolerably. In Central and Northern India, a large part of the population, speak Dravidian dialects and even in Western India have the characteristic primeval idioms.

All the above mentioned are Dravidian, Dramizas and Tamils descendants of pre-Hellenic (pre-Greek) peoples of the Mediterranean and carry features not of only the spirit but also the physical body and

Mediterranean illnesses as if they still live in their sunken homeland of the Pelasgian Aigeida.

Another feature is the Taurus. This distinctive symbol of the Dravidians remained in Crete until the Trojan War. In India the cow remains a sacred animal even today, though in Egypt they worshiped Apis or Hapis - Osiris as the incarnated bull deity - up until 300 AD.


At around 3000BC, India was invaded by the coloured tribe of Hyksos, known as the Ethiopians, who came from the mountain ranges of India, and also the Raxas who came from the plains of China. After conquering India, they headed West, occupied all known countries there and then invaded 

Egypt, Ethiopia and everything South of Ethiopia up to Somalia. The risk of invading the Mediterranean was evident. From Egypt hordes were pouring into neighboring cities, Hellenic occupation in Northern Africa, and regions with fully developed civilizations now seemed to be in immediate danger of extinction.

The leader of the invaders was Diriadis; ancient Indian texts refer him as ‘Ntariontana’. The course the invaders had taken was in three directions. A horde had disembarked on the coast of current Somalia and conquered Ethiopia, another had penetrated the Middle East and it seems they then moved to the Nile estuary through the Sinai desert. And a third horde had gathered in Bactria threatening the region of Mesopotamia.

The tribe leader of Hyksos, Diriadis enlisted all barbaric peoples of the Far East, various nomads of the North-Eastern regions of Asia as well as India and Indonesia (Ceylon etc) against the Hellenes. 

The Hellenes were civilized, they had made an appearance in every corner of the world and had created dominions  by way of conquering so it was reasonable for the natives that were under their sovereignty, to easily accept  the 'liberating' move of the Hyksos and join them. So, Diriadis was successfull in rousing the natives of Bactrian, Sakas, the Tatars of Central Asia, and even the dark skinned peoples of todays Ethiopia against their Hellenic conquerors!

Goddess Kali
History presents them as harsh, destructive and very ugly in appearance predators. The deity that they worshiped was goddess Kali, the known Indian goddess of Evil, who appears to be illustrated in dark imagery.

In Mediterranean tradition there is reference to the ‘kalikantzarous’ – goblins – that were also beings of the goddess Kali. According to tradition, the goblins appeared in a certain era and created all sorts of disasters.

We read about the power of the Hyksos in the “Dionysian” by Nonnus who states that their fleet which was led by Blemis, had three hundred ships. Of course it’s only logical to be impressed by the fact that the barbarians had large fleets. This is clearly quite surprising since as previously mentioned, they came from the mountain ranges and they were nothing but wild barbaric tribes who attacked and brought destruction in their path. But as it always happens in such cases, there are opportunists that benefit through situations like these. For those that would be present, it would only be natural to take the side of the invaders, giving them assistance, knowledge, methods and tactics making them more dangerous in the attack against the civilized and by far superior in any level Hellenes.

So these barbaric hordes tried to become a regular army, using tools and weapons that an army has, but proved impossible in just one day, since the majority were uncivilized barbaric savages that left desolated cities and destruction in their path.


Facing the danger of invasion from the Hyksos, Hellenic tribes united and decided that they were to be the ones who will deal with them. Not because others simply couldn’t do it but because in 
Dionysus (mosaic)
essence, they were seen as civilized and had very good military background. Also for the very simple reason that in that era, most independent kingdoms were literally Hellenic.

So the Greeks found themselves in the front line, ready to fight the enemy. And there was no room for defeat as the fate of the civilized world depended on them (roughly the same scenario was executed a few millennia later by the Persians).

The Hellenic demigod Dionysus II was appointed Chief Commander. He reigned in the land of Engeleaton (Ohrid, a region of Epirus) and was the son of Semele and Zeus. Dionysus declared war, and was backed by warriors from Western Macedonia, Thrace, Dardania, Illyria, Thessaly, Athens, Boeotia, Euboea, the Peloponnese, Crete, Samothrace, Phrygia, Lydia, Caria, Southern Italy and Cyprus. Also Hellenes of Europe, Asia Minor and Libya.

Dionysus B'
Nonnus describes in his works, that the Hellenic forces from regions of Western Macedonia and Illyria were led by Aktaion, and the forces of the Central and Eastern Macedonia were led by Iagros.

After the completion of general military recruitment, the Hellenic force was divided into three armies; each one took a different direction: -the first, led by Dionysus II (son of Zeus and Semele) moved towards currently named, areas such as the Middle East, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India.
-The second, led by demigod King Minos of Crete (son of Zeus and Europe) moved through the desert of Sinai to Memphis of Egypt.
-The third, under demigod Perseus (son of Zeus and Danae) moved areas currently known as Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia.


During combat operations against the Hyksos, Minos chased them most probably up to the region of the Sahara. In renditions of the Tuareg (indigenous peoples of the Sahara) there is evidence that commemorates the victory of the Hellenes against the invaders. Relevant cave drawings have been 

discovered in the mountains of Tassili on the verge of the Sahara that depict battles portraying Greeks against reddish-black skin toned invaders.

Significantly there is a cave drawing that depicts a charioteer, and it’s obvious that he’s from the Minoan army, who chases an invading warrior. The indigenous Tuaregs worshipped the liberator Minos like a God and also called him Amanai.

Perseus who was in charge of the third phalanx was active in the Northeastern region of Africa and especially in Ethiopia, which was also a Hellenic colony. Perseus chased them up to the shores of the Somalian region where the reddish-black skin toned people disembarked.

Perseus as the triumphant winner restored the throne to the Hellenic King Cepheus of Ethiopia and freed his daughter Andromeda.

Because the Hyksos tribe came from the sea with their leader Blemys, his men were called ‘Blemyanes’, and the locals introduced the Hyksos tribe by traditionally comparing them to the beast that devastated their country, the infamous sea monster that Andromeda was given to as sacrifice, as we are informed by Apollodorus.
In mythology everything is given symbolically, so we realize that the monster symbolizes the Hyksian enemy, and Cepheus’s daughter Andromeda the King’s authority. Cepheus delivered Andromeda (his authority) to save the country from the hordes of barbarians and the devastation brought on by their attacks. Something to consider from the words of Apollodorus is that it certainly cannot be accepted that there was ever a sea monster, but rather more of a phenomenon that threatened them, and in this case couldn’t be anything else other than the hordes of the Hyskian barbarians. So Perseus saves Andromeda, daughter of Cepheus. In other words, liberates the country and its inhabitants.

Andromeda's rescue
According to mythology, Perseus marries Andromeda and has a son, Perses. Perses is the forefather of the Persians and as tradition says the first dynasty was established after the great flood and to honor of Perses the country was called Persia.

 According to paragraph 49 from Apollodorus second book, ‘Achaimenis was the offspring of the King of the Persian Dynasty, son of Perseus and founder of the Great Achamenidian Dynasty from which descended the great Cyrus, Darius, etc.. All were descendants of the Achamenian Dynasty and consequently of Greek origin. Ovid a Roman poet refers to Achamenides and his Hellenic ancestry by going back to Perseus’s ancestor kings. Belos was also an ancestor from Io’s generation (a priestess of Hera in Argos whom Zeus seduced)
So both Minos and Perseus successfully repulsed the invaders and cleared any dangers from the regions of North Africa, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia.


The Hyksians who remained in the First Cataract of the Nile after their defeat by the Hellenes, are said to be the notorious Gypsies (Tsingkani or Tsigkali), who continue the primitive nomad life living like they did in the years of the invasion. The name Tsigkaloi allegedly indicates their status as sons of the goddess Kali. The word ‘Tsin’ states the son and the word Kali the Dark goddess Kali. It is said that Tsin is a corruption of the Greek word ‘In’ from ‘yiós’ and/or ‘yión’ meaning son.

Minos rendered honors ​​to Perseus for his participation in the enormously important victory over the Hyksos tribes.He built a temple which he dedicated to Perseus and placed a statue of him inside - 
Demi-God Perseus
Both the temple and statue were works of Daedalus, the great architect and advisor of King Minos A'. Herodotus states: In this city (ie Memphis) there is a sanctuary dedicated to Perseus. The propylons of the temple are very big and made of stone, on them, stone statues were placed, and on this he erected a statue of Perseus (Herodotus, book. B par.91). This report of Herodotus shows that even in his time there was a temple at Memphis, Egypt and a statue that the great historian was able to admire.

Diodorus Siculus makes extensive references on Minos A’ - the great king of Crete and his consultant and architect Daedalus, and their presence in Egypt at the time of the expedition of the Hellenes against the Hyksos tribes.

"... Along with the Gods they called Minos the first king of Egypt... The greatest propylon of all in Memphis is of Hephaestus, architectured by Daedalus and it’s honored by the residents, even up to now...   “(Book I XLIV, XLV, pp. 67. Book I, XVII, p 140).

The aviator symbol of Daedalus survives to this day in temples of Egypt. In a temple which is adorned with eagle feathers, we see the symbolism of Daedalus the aviator.The complex maze of corridors in 

the sacred Egyptian building is identical to the labyrinth of Knossos and undoubtedly the work of the same architect, given that all the evidence from ancient times to the present findings verifies this.

Of course Daedalus’ technique and knowledge did not remain hidden. Some took Daedalus cognizance and made themselves worthy heirs, successors of that wonderfully majestic architectural mind! And certainly honoring this brilliant man - who gave so much to the culture of Egypt - could not have been forgotten during his presence next to King Minos A’ as his consultant. In Memphis a temple was built in his honor but also so that this great architect remained in their memory!


Given that both Perseus and Minos had achieved great victories they started moving towards the Indus valley where the other Greek army had been stationed under Dionysus B’, having to face the bulk of the Hyksos after having won battles in the Middle East, Iran and Afghanistan.
Dionysus B'

Indeed ancient texts tell us that the entire Hellenic army was reinforced by Indians of Hellenic ancestry as Nonnus states in the ‘Dionysian’. He also noted that just as the Hellenic army arrived in India it was joined by Hellenic cavalry, habitants of the Indus River valley, known today as the Penzap Rivers, Pentapotamia. The battle at the Indian river was decisive and very tough. The Raxas and Hyksos intruders were slaughtered.
Their leader Ntariontana (Deriades) and his son-in- law Orontes were killed and the lament from the remaining Hyksos was great and mournful. The destruction was complete and the fate of the Hellenes in the Indus region was determined at that precise battle, being positive for both them and their descendants that were to continue their influence on this piece of land, the same land that keeps its own secret safe until today…
But that’s another, great story…

In the Indian epic ‘Mahabharata’ the weeping of the invaders echoes for the death of their leader who was killed on the battlefield. That same lament of the Hyksos for the loss of Deriades and his son-in-law Orontes is described in ancient Hellenic texts, as well as the destruction of the Ethiopians by the Hellenic Army.
Dionysus v's Hyksos

On the other hand, for the Hellenic winners, great honors were awarded to every warrior who resolutely fought and died in battle on the plains of the Indus River. And a lot of great names were recorded in memory as well as in the pages of history. Amongst them was the Cretan scion of Knossos, General Opheltes

It is said that the deceased general was dressed in his military uniform and units of the Hellenic Army surrounded him to pay their last respects. Over to his side stood Cretan warriors led by the elder King of Crete, Asterion. The deceased was placed in the burial bed and deposited in front of the Indus River facing the battlefield.

Epic scenes took place at the burial of the dead from that battle. A tomb was erected in honor of Opheltes as they used to do back then. In addition Dionysus B’ announced games in the name of the deceased Cretan General, where several prizes were offered. In that race the winner was the King of Troezen Aeacus and Western Macedonia Aktaeon, and a few others.

Finally an epigraph was engraved on the tomb stating the heroics of the deceased General Opheltes "... Here lies Asterios Dikteos...’ Nonnus states showing the position on the side of the deceased by the elder Asterios King of Diktis of Knossos.

We know about the games launched by Dionysus B’ and the prize that both the first and second winner took from the ‘Dionysian’. ‘Here lies, Knosios the Indian-killer’ says Nonnus showing the epigram mapped by the General Dionysus B’ in of honor of the hero Opheltes.

But the victory celebration will continue for the next great glory of King Minos A’ in Egypt where he was to leave his own mark!

Honors were also given to other heroes of the campaign against the Hyksos. Heroes had contributed greatly to that triumphant campaign in every aspect. In honor of the King of Macedonia Dardanus, an area of ​​the Indus River was named Dardania and today this area is referred to as Dardanistan. In honor of Elymos King of the Hellenes of Southern Italy, the southern region of Persia was named Elymeia. Values that ​​yielded by major commanders of the Hellenes Dionysus B’ and Minos A’.

In the late 18th century BC nomadic people who probably came from Asia with the same name ‘Hyksos’ invaded and ruled Egypt in the Nile valley for a century. We do not know if they were descendants of the same tribes who were defeated by the Hellenes. The invasion which was rather bloodless was recounted by an Egyptian priest named Manethon. The Hyksos gradually penetrated the Nile Delta during a period of wear and weakness for Egypt and seized power.

This uprising began when Pharaoh ‘Kamosis’ was in power and ended when the Pharaoh ‘Amosis’ was in power who captured the city Avarida, that was the capital of Hyksos, and pushed them towards Syria. They have never reappeared in history. The Egyptians were taught horse breading and how to use the war chariot by the Hyksos.


This was the first nationwide extradition! It has been supported by a theory which claims that the extradition might be what scientists call today the descents of the Aryan race from the Danube River to the Southern Hellenic area, since the Hellenic troops who participated were mostly a Hellenic-Pelasgian race of Aryans and Minnie.

In those years, extreme antiquity above all demonstrated the Hellenic presence throughout the globe and the Hellenes held the world on their shoulders, as the trustees of the celestial light entities, "El" (H)EL- LENES ie Andromedian-Olympians  where they came from.

A presentation that is not characteristic of the trend that we see very often in the pages of history revealing the human weakness of enforcement of power through conquest and domination possibly for the weak, but is the opposite, that is, it has to do with the spirit and lofty ideas, the need to civilize those creatures who by nature or circumstance have the need for such assistance for evolution and culture.

This feature is the principal in Hellenic culture and was a general way of life for our ancestors. This is what leads to new discoveries and paths which leave their mark through cultural heritage and reform, and indelibly stamp on the pathway of millennia the Spirit from every corner of the planet for the good of mankind.

Note that the epic of Nonnus have never been taught in Hellenic schools, thus few Hellenes know about it.



-NONNOS "Dionysian," VOLUME II, BOOK 26-37-40-47.

ARTICLE-NIKOL.MARGIORI (1913-1993, antediluvian civilizations (DRAVIDES ancestors of Greeks).
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